Math analysis is a common math course taken by high school students who want to pursue STEM-related careers and majors in college. If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Math analysis covers advanced algebra, trigonometry, precalculus, probability, statistics, matrices, vectors, and an introduction to calculus concepts.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explain what math analysis is, the math topics it covers, why it’s an important high school course, and how it prepares students for college-level calculus and other advanced math.

What is Math Analysis?

Math Analysis is an advanced high school math course that builds upon the foundation of algebra, trigonometry, precalculus, and calculus. It is usually taken after completing Algebra 2 and Geometry, as it requires a solid understanding of these subjects.

Math Analysis is sometimes referred to as “precalculus”, but it goes beyond the traditional precalculus curriculum.

An advanced high school math course

Math Analysis is designed for students who have a strong interest in mathematics and want to further their understanding of advanced mathematical concepts. It provides students with the opportunity to explore topics that go beyond the standard high school math curriculum and delve into more complex mathematical theories.

Covers a wide range of advanced algebra, trigonometry, precalculus, and calculus topics

In Math Analysis, students will cover a wide range of topics, including advanced algebraic concepts, trigonometric functions and identities, exponential and logarithmic functions, sequences and series, limits and continuity, derivatives, and integrals.

These topics serve as a foundation for further studies in calculus and other advanced math courses.

Usually taken after Algebra 2 and Geometry

Math Analysis is typically taken after completing Algebra 2 and Geometry, as it builds upon the concepts learned in these courses. It requires a solid understanding of algebraic operations, geometric principles, and problem-solving skills.

Students who have successfully completed these prerequisites will be well-prepared to tackle the challenges of Math Analysis.

Sometimes called ‘precalculus’

Math Analysis is sometimes referred to as “precalculus” because it covers many topics that are traditionally taught in precalculus courses. However, Math Analysis goes beyond the standard precalculus curriculum and explores these topics in greater depth.

It provides students with a strong foundation in mathematical reasoning and problem-solving skills, preparing them for more advanced math courses in college.

Key Math Topics Covered in Math Analysis

Advanced algebra concepts

In math analysis, students delve deeper into advanced algebra concepts that build upon the knowledge gained in previous math courses. They explore topics such as logarithmic and exponential functions, polynomial equations and inequalities, rational expressions, and complex numbers.

These concepts are essential for understanding more complex mathematical concepts in higher-level courses.

Trigonometric functions and graphs

Math analysis introduces students to trigonometry, which focuses on the relationships between angles and sides of triangles. Students learn about trigonometric functions such as sine, cosine, and tangent, and how to use them to solve problems involving angles and triangles.

They also explore the graphs of trigonometric functions and their transformations, which have applications in fields such as engineering, physics, and navigation.

Matrices and vectors

In math analysis, students study matrices and vectors, which are mathematical tools used to represent and solve systems of equations. They learn how to perform operations on matrices, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and finding determinants.

Vectors, on the other hand, are used to represent quantities that have both magnitude and direction, and students learn how to manipulate and solve problems involving vectors.

Probability and statistics

Probability and statistics play a significant role in math analysis. Students learn about the principles of probability, including calculating probabilities of events, conditional probability, and the laws of probability.

They also study statistics, which involves collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data. They learn about measures of central tendency, such as mean, median, and mode, as well as measures of dispersion, such as range and standard deviation.

Limits and continuity

Limits and continuity are fundamental concepts in calculus, and math analysis provides an introduction to these concepts. Students learn about limits, which describe the behavior of a function as it approaches a certain value.

They also explore the concept of continuity, which relates to the smoothness and connectedness of a function. Understanding limits and continuity is crucial for grasping the key ideas of calculus.

Derivatives and integrals (introduction to calculus)

Math analysis serves as an introduction to calculus, and students begin to explore the concepts of derivatives and integrals. Derivatives involve finding the rate of change of a function at a particular point, while integrals involve finding the area under a curve.

These concepts are foundational in calculus and are used to solve problems in a variety of fields, including physics, engineering, economics, and computer science.

Why Take Math Analysis in High School?

Math Analysis is an essential course for high school students who are considering pursuing STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields in college. This course offers numerous benefits that can help students excel in their academic and professional pursuits.

Prepares students for calculus, physics, engineering, and other college STEM courses

One of the primary reasons to take Math Analysis in high school is that it provides a solid foundation for advanced mathematics courses like calculus, physics, and engineering. By studying topics such as functions, trigonometry, and limits, students gain the necessary knowledge and skills to tackle complex mathematical concepts in college.

This preparation can give them a significant advantage and make their transition to higher-level STEM courses much smoother.

Develops critical thinking, logic, and problem-solving skills

Math Analysis is more than just learning formulas and solving equations. It is a course that emphasizes critical thinking, logical reasoning, and problem-solving skills. Students are challenged to analyze and interpret data, make connections between different mathematical concepts, and apply their knowledge to solve real-world problems.

These skills are highly valuable in various academic and professional fields, as they promote analytical thinking and enhance problem-solving abilities.

Looks great on college applications, especially for STEM majors

Taking Math Analysis in high school not only helps students academically but also strengthens their college applications, particularly if they plan to pursue STEM majors. Admissions officers recognize the rigor of this course and its relevance to future academic pursuits.

By demonstrating an aptitude for advanced mathematics, students can showcase their commitment to their chosen field and stand out among other applicants.

Option to earn college credit through AP Calculus exam

For high-achieving students, Math Analysis offers the opportunity to earn college credit through the Advanced Placement (AP) Calculus exam. By scoring well on this exam, students can potentially skip introductory college-level math courses and save time and money in their college education.

This option allows them to delve deeper into their academic interests and focus on more advanced coursework right from the start.

How Math Analysis Prepares Students for Calculus

Covers foundational calculus topics like limits, continuity, derivatives

Math Analysis in high school is a course designed to prepare students for the study of calculus. One of the key aspects of Math Analysis is that it covers foundational calculus topics such as limits, continuity, and derivatives.

Students are introduced to these concepts and learn how they are used in calculus. By understanding these fundamental concepts, students are better equipped to tackle more advanced calculus topics in college.

Develops algebra, trigonometry, and precalculus skills needed for calculus

In addition to covering calculus topics, Math Analysis also helps students develop their algebra, trigonometry, and precalculus skills. These skills are essential for success in calculus. By strengthening their understanding of these topics, students are able to approach calculus problems with confidence and accuracy.

Math Analysis provides students with the necessary foundation to excel in calculus.

Introduces mathematical reasoning and proof-based logic used in calculus

Another important aspect of Math Analysis is that it introduces students to mathematical reasoning and proof-based logic. These skills are crucial for success in calculus, as calculus often involves proving mathematical statements and using logical reasoning to solve problems.

Math Analysis helps students develop these skills by presenting them with challenging problems that require critical thinking and logical reasoning.

Builds problem-solving skills and tenacity for challenging concepts in calculus

Math Analysis also helps students build problem-solving skills and develop tenacity when faced with challenging concepts in calculus. Calculus is known for its complex and abstract nature, and students often encounter difficult concepts and problems.

Math Analysis prepares students for these challenges by exposing them to a variety of problem-solving techniques and providing them with opportunities to practice applying these techniques. By building problem-solving skills and developing tenacity, students are better equipped to tackle the demanding coursework of calculus.


In summary, math analysis is an advanced high school math course that covers algebra, trigonometry, precalculus, and an introduction to calculus. It prepares students for college-level calculus, physics, engineering, and other STEM majors by developing their mathematical maturity, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

Taking math analysis in high school gives students a head start in college math and looks great on college applications, especially for STEM-focused students.

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