If you’ve ever wondered how long it takes to become a veterinarian, you’re not alone. Many animal lovers consider pursuing this rewarding career path but want to know the time commitment required for the extensive education and training.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk through every step of the veterinary school journey—from undergraduate prerequisites to earning your VMD or DVM degree.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: most aspiring vets spend a minimum of 8 years in higher education, including 4 years to complete an undergraduate degree and 4 additional years of vet school.

Prerequisites: Bachelor’s Degree

Before pursuing a career in veterinary medicine, aspiring veterinarians must first obtain a Bachelor’s degree. This is an essential prerequisite for admission into veterinary school. The Bachelor’s degree provides a solid foundation in the sciences and prepares students for the rigorous coursework ahead.

Duration: 4 years

The Bachelor’s degree typically takes four years to complete. During this time, students can choose a major that aligns with their interests and career goals. Many pre-veterinary students choose to major in biology, animal science, or a related field.

However, it’s important to note that veterinary schools do not have strict requirements regarding the specific major, as long as the necessary prerequisite courses are completed.

Required Courses

While the exact requirements may vary between veterinary schools, there are certain core courses that are typically required. These courses include biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and English. Additionally, some schools may require courses in animal science, physiology, or microbiology.

It’s important for students to consult the specific prerequisites of the veterinary schools they are interested in to ensure they meet all requirements.

Optional Specialization

During their Bachelor’s degree, students have the option to specialize in a particular area of veterinary medicine. This specialization can provide additional knowledge and expertise in a specific field.

Common specializations include small animal medicine, large animal medicine, exotic animal medicine, and wildlife medicine. Specializing in a particular area can give veterinarians a competitive edge and open up more career opportunities.

Importance of GPA

While obtaining a Bachelor’s degree is an important prerequisite, it’s not the only factor that veterinary schools consider during the admission process. The GPA, or grade point average, plays a significant role in determining a student’s eligibility for veterinary school.

A high GPA demonstrates academic excellence and a strong work ethic, which are important qualities for prospective veterinarians. It’s recommended for students to maintain a competitive GPA throughout their undergraduate studies to increase their chances of getting accepted into veterinary school.

Taking the GRE

Before aspiring veterinarians can begin their journey towards becoming licensed professionals, they must first complete the necessary educational requirements. One important step in this process is taking the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).

The GRE is a standardized test that measures critical thinking, verbal reasoning, and quantitative reasoning skills. It is an essential part of the application process for most veterinary schools.

Registering for the GRE

Registering for the GRE is a relatively straightforward process. Prospective veterinary students can create an account on the official GRE website and select a test date and location that is convenient for them.

It is important to register well in advance to secure a spot, as test centers can fill up quickly. Additionally, there is a registration fee associated with taking the GRE, so students should plan accordingly.

Sections of the GRE

The GRE consists of three main sections: Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning. The Analytical Writing section assesses the test-taker’s ability to critically analyze and evaluate complex issues.

The Verbal Reasoning section measures reading comprehension and the ability to understand and analyze written material. The Quantitative Reasoning section evaluates mathematical skills and problem-solving abilities.

Each section is scored separately, and the scores are then combined to provide an overall GRE score.


The GRE is scored on a scale of 130-170 for each section, with a total score range of 260-340. Veterinary schools typically have their own minimum score requirements for admission, so it is important for prospective students to research the specific requirements of the schools they are interested in.

It is also worth noting that the GRE scores are valid for five years, so students can use their scores for multiple application cycles if needed.


If a student is not satisfied with their initial GRE score, they have the option to retake the exam. However, it is important to note that there are limitations on how frequently the GRE can be retaken.

Students must wait at least 21 days between test administrations, and they can only take the GRE a maximum of five times within a 12-month period. It is advisable to thoroughly prepare for the exam before retaking it to maximize the chances of achieving a higher score.

Taking the GRE is an important step for aspiring veterinarians on their path to becoming licensed professionals. With proper preparation and a solid understanding of the exam’s format and scoring, students can increase their chances of achieving the scores they need to gain admission to their desired veterinary schools.

Gaining Animal & Veterinary Experience

Before embarking on the journey to become a veterinarian, aspiring professionals are encouraged to gain relevant animal and veterinary experience. This hands-on experience not only provides valuable insight into the field but also helps individuals determine if this career path is truly their passion.

Here are some types of experience that can be beneficial:

Types of Relevant Experience

Shadowing: Shadowing a veterinarian allows aspiring professionals to observe firsthand the day-to-day responsibilities and challenges of the job. It provides an opportunity to see how veterinarians interact with animals, handle medical procedures, and communicate with pet owners.

Shadowing experiences can be arranged through local veterinary clinics or animal hospitals.

Internships & Externships: Internships and externships provide more in-depth and hands-on experience compared to shadowing. These programs allow aspiring veterinarians to actively participate in various aspects of veterinary care, such as assisting with surgeries, performing routine check-ups, and administering medications.

Many veterinary schools offer internship and externship opportunities to students.

Working at an Animal Clinic: Working at an animal clinic, even in non-veterinary roles such as a veterinary assistant or receptionist, can provide valuable exposure to the veterinary field. It allows individuals to become familiar with the day-to-day operations of a clinic, gain experience interacting with animals and their owners, and develop essential skills for working in a veterinary setting.Research: Engaging in research related to veterinary medicine can be another way to gain valuable experience. Research opportunities can involve studying animal behavior, investigating new treatment methods, or exploring the impact of certain diseases on animal populations.

Research experience showcases an individual’s ability to think critically and contribute to the advancement of veterinary knowledge.

By actively seeking out these types of experiences, aspiring veterinarians can gain a well-rounded understanding of the field and make informed decisions about their future career paths.

The Vet School Application Process

Applying to veterinary school requires careful planning and attention to detail. The application process can be quite competitive, with a limited number of spots available for aspiring veterinarians. Here is an overview of the vet school application process:

Completing the VMCAS Application

The first step in applying to veterinary school is completing the Veterinary Medical College Application Service (VMCAS) application. This centralized application system allows applicants to apply to multiple veterinary schools using a single application.

The VMCAS application requires applicants to provide their academic history, extracurricular activities, and personal statement. It also includes sections for listing veterinary and animal experience, as well as any research experience.

Pro tip: It’s important to start the VMCAS application early and give yourself enough time to gather all the necessary information and documents. Be sure to proofread your application thoroughly before submitting it.

Letters of Recommendation

Letters of recommendation play a crucial role in the vet school application process. Most veterinary schools require applicants to submit letters from professors, veterinarians, or other professionals who can speak to the applicant’s qualifications and character.

These letters provide insight into the applicant’s academic abilities, work ethic, and interpersonal skills.

Pro tip: Choose recommenders who know you well and can provide specific examples of your strengths and abilities. It’s also a good idea to give your recommenders plenty of notice and provide them with any necessary information or forms.


Some veterinary schools may require applicants to participate in interviews as part of the application process. The purpose of these interviews is to assess the applicant’s communication skills, problem-solving abilities, and suitability for a career in veterinary medicine.

Interviews can be conducted in person or through video conferencing.

Pro tip: Prepare for your interviews by researching common interview questions and practicing your responses. Dress professionally, be confident, and remember to showcase your passion for veterinary medicine.

Getting Accepted

After completing the application, submitting letters of recommendation, and participating in interviews, the final step is waiting for acceptance letters. Each veterinary school has its own admissions timeline, and applicants may receive acceptances, rejections, or waitlist notifications.

Pro tip: While waiting for acceptance letters, it’s important to have a backup plan in case you don’t get accepted to your top choice school. Consider applying to multiple veterinary schools to increase your chances of acceptance.

For more detailed information on the vet school application process, you can visit the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) website or reach out to the admissions offices of the veterinary schools you are interested in.

Earning Your VMD or DVM Degree

Aspiring veterinarians need to complete a rigorous educational journey in order to obtain their VMD (Veterinary Medical Doctor) or DVM (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine) degree. This process involves several years of study and practical experience to ensure that veterinarians are equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge to provide quality care for animals.

Duration: 4 years

To become a veterinarian, individuals must first complete a four-year undergraduate degree program. This typically involves studying a range of subjects such as biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics.

After completing their undergraduate studies, aspiring veterinarians then need to attend veterinary school, which also lasts for about four years.

During their time in veterinary school, students undertake a comprehensive curriculum that covers various aspects of veterinary medicine. This includes classes on animal anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and clinical skills.

The curriculum also includes hands-on training in veterinary clinics and hospitals, allowing students to gain real-world experience working with animals under the guidance of experienced veterinarians.

Curriculum Structure

The curriculum structure in veterinary school is designed to provide students with a solid foundation in both the theoretical and practical aspects of veterinary medicine. Students typically take a combination of classroom lectures, laboratory sessions, and clinical rotations to gain a well-rounded education.

Classroom lectures cover topics such as animal diseases, diagnostic techniques, surgical procedures, and preventive medicine. Laboratory sessions provide students with the opportunity to practice various techniques and procedures, such as performing laboratory tests, conducting physical examinations, and administering medications.

Clinical rotations are an essential part of the curriculum, allowing students to gain hands-on experience in different areas of veterinary medicine. This can include rotations in small animal medicine, large animal medicine, exotic animal medicine, emergency medicine, and surgery.

Graduate Vet Programs

After completing their four years of veterinary school, some veterinarians may choose to pursue further specialization through graduate programs. These programs typically focus on specific areas of veterinary medicine, such as internal medicine, surgery, dermatology, or pathology.

Graduate programs in veterinary medicine can vary in duration, ranging from one to four years. During these programs, veterinarians receive advanced training and conduct research in their chosen field of specialization.

This additional education and experience can enhance their knowledge and skills, allowing them to provide specialized care for animals with specific medical needs.


As you can see, becoming a veterinarian requires an extensive commitment of time and effort—generally a minimum of 8 years including undergraduate and veterinary school. However, for animal lovers dedicated to this field, the journey is deeply rewarding and enables you to make a real difference in the lives of pets, livestock animals, wildlife, and people too.

With thorough preparation and persistence, you can achieve your dream of becoming a licensed veterinarian. By understanding the step-by-step process, you’ll be on your way to an immensely fulfilling career caring for our furry, feathered and scaled friends.

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