Getting into medical school is extremely competitive, with thousands of applicants vying for a limited number of seats each year. One of the most important factors that admissions committees consider is an applicant’s cumulative undergraduate grade point average (GPA).

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Most medical schools have an average matriculant GPA of around 3.7, so anything 3.5 or above is generally considered a competitive GPA.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore what constitutes a good GPA for medical school applicants. We’ll look at average GPAs for accepted students, how GPA is calculated, whether grade trends matter, and strategies to offset a less-than-stellar academic record.

Average GPA for Accepted Medical Students

One of the most important factors considered by medical schools during the admissions process is the applicant’s GPA. Having a strong GPA demonstrates academic excellence and the ability to handle the rigorous coursework in medical school. So, what is considered a good GPA for medical school?

Let’s explore the average GPA for accepted medical students.

National Average

The national average GPA for accepted medical students varies each year, but it typically falls between 3.6 and 3.8. This average takes into account both MD and DO programs. It’s important to note that while a higher GPA can increase your chances of getting accepted, it is not the sole determining factor.

Medical schools also consider other factors such as MCAT scores, extracurricular activities, letters of recommendation, and personal statements.

Top-Tier Medical Schools

Top-tier medical schools, such as those in the Ivy League or other prestigious institutions, often have higher GPA requirements for admission. These schools receive a large number of highly qualified applicants, so having a GPA that is well above the national average can help set you apart from the competition.

However, it’s essential to remember that GPA is just one piece of the puzzle, and other factors like research experience, clinical exposure, and community service can also play a significant role in the admissions process.

DO vs. MD Programs

When considering GPA requirements for medical school, it’s important to differentiate between DO (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine) and MD (Doctor of Medicine) programs. DO programs tend to have slightly lower average GPAs compared to MD programs.

According to the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM), the average GPA for accepted students in DO programs is around 3.5. However, it’s important to note that GPA is not the only factor considered in DO program admissions, and a strong application overall is still crucial.

How Medical School GPA is Calculated

When it comes to applying to medical school, one of the key factors that admissions committees consider is the applicant’s GPA. Your GPA, or Grade Point Average, is a numerical representation of your academic performance throughout your undergraduate and post-baccalaureate studies.

However, it’s essential to understand how medical school GPA is calculated to know what is considered a good GPA for medical school.


The majority of medical schools in the United States use the American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS) to collect and process applications. AMCAS calculates a standardized GPA by assigning numerical values to letter grades and factoring in the credit hours of each course.

This calculation considers both undergraduate and post-baccalaureate coursework, providing a comprehensive representation of an applicant’s academic performance.

Guidelines for Repeated Courses

Medical school admissions committees often have specific guidelines for how they handle repeated courses. Some schools will average the grades of repeated courses, while others may only consider the highest grade.

It’s important to research individual medical school policies regarding repeated courses to understand how they may impact your GPA calculation.

Grade Replacement Policies

Some undergraduate institutions offer grade replacement policies, allowing students to retake courses and have the new grade replace the old one in their GPA calculation. This can be advantageous for students who may have struggled in a particular course but have since demonstrated improvement.

However, it’s crucial to note that medical schools may have their own policies regarding grade replacement and may recalculate the GPA based on their criteria.

Splitting Undergrad and Post-Bacc GPAs

Some students choose to enhance their academic record by completing post-baccalaureate coursework before applying to medical school. In such cases, medical schools may consider the undergraduate and post-baccalaureate GPAs separately, or they may merge them into a single GPA.

It’s important to review each medical school’s policies to understand how they evaluate applicants with split GPAs.

Understanding how medical school GPA is calculated is crucial for aspiring medical students. It’s important to note that while GPA is an essential factor in the admissions process, it is not the sole determinant of acceptance.

Medical schools also consider other factors such as MCAT scores, extracurricular activities, research experience, and personal statements when evaluating applicants. Your GPA is just one piece of the puzzle, and a strong overall application can compensate for a lower GPA.

The Importance of Grade Trends

When it comes to evaluating a student’s academic performance, medical schools not only consider the overall GPA but also pay close attention to the trend of grades over time. The grade trend is an important factor that helps admissions committees assess an applicant’s ability to handle the rigorous coursework in medical school.

Upward Trends

An upward grade trend is highly valued by medical schools. It shows that the student has overcome challenges and demonstrated growth in their academic abilities. Admissions committees understand that not everyone starts off with stellar grades and they appreciate seeing improvement over time.

An upward trend indicates resilience, determination, and a commitment to academic excellence.

Medical schools often consider the reasons behind an upward trend. If a student initially struggled due to personal circumstances or other challenges, but then showed a significant improvement in their grades, it can be seen as a positive indicator of the student’s ability to overcome obstacles and perform well under pressure.

Downward Trends

On the other hand, a downward grade trend may raise concerns for admissions committees. It could indicate a lack of consistency or an inability to handle the demands of a medical school curriculum. However, it is important to note that a single semester or year of lower grades may not necessarily be a deal-breaker if there is a valid explanation behind it.

If a student experienced a temporary setback, such as a family emergency or health issue, it is important for them to provide context and explain how they overcame those challenges. Admissions committees understand that life can sometimes throw curveballs, and they appreciate honesty and self-reflection in these situations.

Consistent Performance

Consistency in academic performance is highly valued by medical schools. A consistent performance with good grades throughout a student’s undergraduate career demonstrates discipline, dedication, and the ability to handle the demands of a rigorous curriculum.

While an upward trend is preferred, maintaining a consistently high GPA is also seen as a strong indicator of academic capability. It shows that the student is capable of consistently performing at a high level, which is essential for success in medical school.

It is worth noting that while grade trends are important, they are not the sole deciding factor for medical school admissions. Admissions committees also consider other factors, such as MCAT scores, extracurricular activities, letters of recommendation, and personal statements.

It is important for applicants to present a well-rounded application that showcases their strengths and potential as future healthcare professionals.

For more information on medical school admissions and GPA requirements, you can visit websites like or

Strategies for a Low GPA

If you have a low GPA and are aspiring to get into medical school, don’t lose hope! There are several strategies you can employ to improve your chances of getting accepted.

Take Additional Upper-Level Science Courses

One way to compensate for a low GPA is to take additional upper-level science courses. This shows admissions committees that you are capable of handling the rigorous coursework required in medical school.

By excelling in these courses, you can demonstrate your commitment to your academic and professional development.

Consider a Post-Baccalaureate Program

Another option to consider is enrolling in a post-baccalaureate program. These programs are designed for students who have already completed their undergraduate degree but need to strengthen their academic record.

Post-baccalaureate programs offer a variety of courses that can help you improve your GPA and show medical schools that you are determined to succeed in their program.

Explain Extenuating Circumstances

If there were extenuating circumstances that contributed to your low GPA, it’s essential to explain them in your application. Whether it was a personal or medical issue, providing context can help admissions committees understand the challenges you faced and how you overcame them.

It’s important to be honest and transparent in these explanations.

Highlight Other Aspects of Your Application

While a strong GPA is important, it’s not the only factor that medical schools consider. Highlight other aspects of your application that demonstrate your potential as a future healthcare professional.

This could include research experience, clinical work, volunteer work, leadership positions, or unique life experiences. Emphasize your strengths and how they make you a well-rounded candidate.

Remember, a low GPA does not define your potential as a medical student. By taking proactive steps to improve your academic record and showcasing your strengths in other areas, you can increase your chances of getting accepted into medical school. Stay determined, work hard, and believe in yourself!


While maintaining a strong GPA is critical for medical school applicants, admissions committees take a holistic approach when reviewing applications. An upward grade trend, high MCAT scores, clinical experience, research, and stellar letters of recommendation can help offset a less-than-perfect academic history.

With strategic planning and dedicating time to academics, you can place yourself in a position to be a competitive applicant. If your dream is to become a physician, don’t let an uneven undergrad performance deter you from pursuing your goals.

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