If you don’t have the time, money, or grades to attend medical school but still want to work in healthcare, specifically as a radiologist, you may be wondering if it’s possible to skip medical school and still become a radiologist.

The quick answer is no—you cannot become a licensed radiologist without going to medical school. However, there are some related careers you can pursue with less schooling. Keep reading to learn all about radiology training, radiologist requirements, radiology careers similar to radiologists, and your options for working in radiology without medical school.

Radiology Training and Licensing Requirements

Complete a Bachelor’s Degree

In order to become a radiologist, it is generally necessary to complete a bachelor’s degree. While there is no specific major required for admission to medical school, aspiring radiologists often choose pre-medical or science-related majors such as biology, chemistry, or physics.

During their undergraduate studies, students should focus on taking courses that will prepare them for the rigorous academic demands of medical school.

Attend Medical School

After completing a bachelor’s degree, the next step in becoming a radiologist is to attend medical school. Medical school typically lasts four years and consists of both classroom-based learning and clinical rotations.

During medical school, students will take courses in various medical disciplines, including radiology. They will also gain hands-on experience through clinical rotations in different specialties.

Complete a Residency in Radiology

After graduating from medical school, aspiring radiologists must complete a residency program in radiology. A residency typically lasts for four years and provides intensive training in the field of radiology.

During this time, residents work under the supervision of experienced radiologists and gain practical experience in interpreting medical images, performing procedures, and managing patient care. Upon completion of the residency, individuals are eligible to take the certification exams to become licensed radiologists.

It is important to note that becoming a licensed radiologist typically requires completion of medical school and a residency program. While there may be alternative paths to working in the field of radiology, such as becoming a radiologic technologist or technician, these roles have different educational and licensing requirements.

For more information on the training and licensing requirements for radiologists, you can visit the Radiological Society of North America or the American College of Radiology websites. These websites provide comprehensive information about the field of radiology and the steps involved in becoming a radiologist.

Radiology Careers Similar to Radiologists

While becoming a radiologist typically requires completing medical school and a residency program, there are alternative career paths in the field of radiology that do not require the same level of education and training.

These alternative careers can be a great option for individuals who are interested in working in radiology but may not want to commit to the extensive schooling and training required to become a radiologist.

Radiologic Technologist

A radiologic technologist, also known as a radiographer, plays a crucial role in the field of radiology. These professionals work alongside radiologists to perform diagnostic imaging procedures, such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans.

They are responsible for positioning patients, operating imaging equipment, and ensuring that high-quality images are obtained for accurate diagnosis.

While radiologic technologists do not have the same level of medical training as radiologists, they still require formal education and certification. Most radiologic technologists complete a two-year associate’s degree program or a four-year bachelor’s degree program in radiologic technology.

They also need to pass a certification exam to become registered or licensed in their state.

Radiologic technologists have excellent job prospects, with the demand for their services expected to grow in the coming years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for radiologic technologists was $62,280 in May 2020, and the job outlook is projected to grow 7% from 2019 to 2029, faster than the average for all occupations.

Radiologist Assistant

A radiologist assistant is another career option for individuals interested in working in the field of radiology without going to medical school. Radiologist assistants work closely with radiologists to assist in the interpretation of diagnostic images and perform advanced imaging procedures.

To become a radiologist assistant, one must typically hold a bachelor’s degree in a related field and complete a radiologist assistant program accredited by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT).

Additionally, radiologist assistants must pass a certification exam and maintain ongoing education requirements.

Radiologist assistants have a high level of responsibility and are involved in patient care, image assessment, and procedural support. They work under the supervision of radiologists and can often perform tasks that would typically be done by a radiologist, such as reviewing images and providing preliminary interpretations.

Radiology Nurse

A radiology nurse is a specialized nurse who works in radiology departments and assists in various diagnostic and interventional procedures. These nurses play a crucial role in patient care, ensuring that patients are prepared for procedures, monitoring their vital signs, and providing post-procedure care.

To become a radiology nurse, one must first become a registered nurse (RN) by completing an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in nursing and passing the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN).

After gaining experience as an RN, nurses can pursue additional training and certification in radiology nursing.

Radiology nurses work closely with radiologists, radiologic technologists, and other healthcare professionals to provide high-quality care to patients undergoing imaging procedures. They have a deep understanding of the imaging process and are able to assist in the safe and efficient delivery of care.

These alternative careers in radiology offer individuals the opportunity to work in a specialized field without the extensive education and training required to become a radiologist. They provide valuable support to radiologists and contribute to the delivery of high-quality patient care in the field of radiology.

Other Careers Working With Radiologists

Medical Dosimetrist

One career option that involves working closely with radiologists is that of a medical dosimetrist. Medical dosimetrists are highly skilled professionals who use advanced equipment to calculate and deliver radiation doses to cancer patients during radiation therapy.

They work closely with radiologists to create treatment plans and ensure that the prescribed radiation dose is safely and accurately delivered to the patient. This career requires specialized training and certification, typically obtained through a bachelor’s degree program in medical dosimetry.

Medical dosimetrists play a crucial role in the treatment of cancer patients and are an integral part of the radiology team.

Medical Physicist

Another career option that involves working alongside radiologists is that of a medical physicist. Medical physicists are responsible for ensuring the safe and effective use of radiation in medical diagnosis and treatment.

They work closely with radiologists to develop and implement quality assurance programs, calibrate and maintain radiation equipment, and optimize imaging techniques. Medical physicists also play a vital role in research and development, contributing to advancements in medical imaging technology and radiation therapy.

To become a medical physicist, one typically needs a doctoral degree in medical physics, followed by certification from a professional organization such as the American Board of Radiology.

Radiology Administrator

A career option that involves managing and overseeing the operations of a radiology department is that of a radiology administrator. Radiology administrators are responsible for ensuring the smooth functioning of the department, including managing staff, budgeting, and implementing policies and procedures.

They work closely with radiologists to ensure that the department meets accreditation standards and delivers high-quality patient care. Additionally, radiology administrators may be involved in strategic planning and decision-making, as well as implementing new technologies and processes.

While a specific degree may not be required, a background in healthcare administration or business management is often preferred for this role.

These are just a few examples of careers that involve working with radiologists. Each of these roles plays a crucial part in the delivery of quality healthcare and the use of radiological technology. Whether you choose to pursue a career as a medical dosimetrist, medical physicist, or radiology administrator, you can contribute to the field of radiology and make a positive impact on patient care.


While you cannot practice independently as a radiologist without completing medical school and a radiology residency, there are several rewarding careers working in radiology settings if you do not want to spend over a decade in higher education.

Careers like radiologic technologist, radiologist assistant, dosimetrist, and medical physicist allow you to work closely with radiologists and radiology technology without needing to attend medical school.

Do your research to figure out which radiology career aligns best with your interests, abilities, and education goals.

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