In today’s digital world, schools are relying more and more on educational apps and online learning tools. Many of these apps collect student data, raising concerns about privacy. Some students have started using data blockers or VPNs to prevent their information from being tracked.

But are these data blocking tools actually allowed in schools? Let’s take a detailed look at the legality of using data blockers in academic institutions.

If you’re short on time, here’s the quick answer: using data blockers in schools is generally not illegal. There are no federal laws prohibiting students from using technology to protect their privacy.

However, individual school districts can restrict VPN and data blocker usage if they interfere with education or violate the district’s acceptable use policy.

Federal Laws Related to Student Privacy


One of the main federal laws that govern student privacy is the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). FERPA is a federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. It gives parents certain rights with respect to their children’s education records, including the right to control who has access to them.

FERPA applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.

Under FERPA, schools must have written permission from parents in order to release any personally identifiable information about their children. This includes information such as grades, test scores, disciplinary records, and medical records.

Schools are also required to notify parents of their rights under FERPA and have procedures in place to ensure the confidentiality of student records.

For more information on FERPA, you can visit the U.S. Department of Education’s website.


The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) is another federal law that protects children’s privacy online. COPPA applies to commercial websites and online services that are directed towards children under the age of 13.

It requires these websites and services to obtain verifiable parental consent before collecting personal information from children.

Under COPPA, schools are considered to be acting in the place of parents when they provide personal information about students to online services. Schools must ensure that the online services they use are compliant with COPPA and have appropriate safeguards in place to protect children’s privacy.

For more information on COPPA, you can visit the Federal Trade Commission’s website.


The Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) is a federal law that requires schools and libraries that receive federal funding for internet access to have internet safety policies in place. These policies must include measures to protect children from accessing inappropriate or harmful content online, as well as to prevent unauthorized access to personal information.

CIPA also requires schools and libraries to educate students about appropriate online behavior, including interacting with other individuals on social networking websites and in chat rooms. It also requires schools and libraries to implement technology protection measures, such as filtering software, to block or filter internet access to obscene, child pornography, or harmful materials.

For more information on CIPA, you can visit the Federal Communications Commission’s website.

State Laws on Data Blockers in Schools

When it comes to the use of data blockers in schools, different states in the United States have varying laws and regulations. Let’s take a closer look at the legality of data blockers in a few key states:


In California, the use of data blockers in schools is not explicitly illegal. However, it is important to note that the California Education Code does have provisions that prioritize student privacy and data protection.

Schools are required to implement measures to ensure the security of student information, which may include the use of data blockers. It is advisable for schools in California to consult with legal experts and follow best practices to ensure compliance.

New York

New York state laws do not specifically address the use of data blockers in schools. However, schools in New York are required to comply with the New York State Education Law, which includes provisions for student data privacy.

Schools should consult with legal professionals to determine whether the use of data blockers aligns with these privacy regulations.


In Illinois, the Student Online Personal Protection Act (SOPPA) governs student data privacy. While SOPPA does not explicitly mention data blockers, it requires schools to implement measures to protect student data.

Schools should carefully consider whether the use of data blockers aligns with the requirements of SOPPA and consult legal experts if necessary.


Currently, there are no specific laws in Texas that address the use of data blockers in schools. However, the Texas Education Agency provides guidelines on student data privacy and security. Schools in Texas should consult these guidelines and seek legal advice to ensure compliance.

Other States

It is important to note that the laws and regulations regarding data blockers in schools may vary in other states. Some states may have specific laws addressing student data privacy, while others may not have any explicit regulations.

Schools and educational institutions in these states should consult legal professionals and stay updated on any developments in their respective jurisdictions.

School District Policies on Data Blockers

In today’s digital age, schools are faced with the challenge of balancing the benefits of technology with the need to protect student privacy. One way that schools attempt to address this issue is through the implementation of data blockers.

These are software or hardware solutions that restrict or limit access to certain websites or online content. However, the legality of data blockers in schools is a topic of debate and varies from district to district.

Acceptable Use Policies

Many schools have acceptable use policies in place that outline the guidelines for technology usage within the school environment. These policies typically address the use of data blockers and specify whether or not they are allowed.

Some districts have strict policies that prohibit the use of data blockers, arguing that they hinder students’ ability to access educational resources. Other districts may allow the use of data blockers, but with certain restrictions and guidelines in place.

For example, the XYZ School District has an acceptable use policy that explicitly states that data blockers are not allowed on school devices. The district believes that it is important for students to have access to a wide range of online resources to support their learning.

They argue that data blockers can limit students’ ability to conduct research, explore different viewpoints, and engage in collaborative learning opportunities.

Arguments For Allowing Data Blockers

On the other hand, there are arguments in favor of allowing data blockers in schools. Proponents of data blockers argue that they are necessary to protect students from accessing inappropriate or harmful content online.

They believe that data blockers can help filter out websites that contain explicit material, violence, or other potentially harmful content.

Additionally, data blockers can help prevent distractions during class time. By blocking certain websites or social media platforms, students are less likely to be tempted to engage in non-educational activities while in the classroom. This can lead to increased focus and productivity among students.

Arguments Against Allowing Data Blockers

However, there are also arguments against allowing data blockers in schools. Critics argue that data blockers can restrict students’ access to valuable educational resources. They believe that students should be trusted to use the internet responsibly and that blocking certain websites limits their ability to develop critical thinking and information literacy skills.

Furthermore, data blockers can sometimes be ineffective or inaccurate in blocking content. There have been instances where legitimate educational websites have been wrongly blocked, preventing students from accessing important information for their studies.

Alternatives to Outright Bans on Data Blockers

Allow During Non-Instructional Time

One alternative to implementing an outright ban on data blockers in schools is to allow their use during non-instructional time. This means that students can utilize data blockers during lunch breaks, recess, or any other designated free time.

By allowing students to have some control over their online privacy during these periods, schools can strike a balance between protecting students’ personal information and providing them with a safe browsing experience.

Additionally, this approach can help educate students about the importance of online privacy and empower them to make informed decisions about their digital footprint.

Install District-Provided VPNs

Another alternative is for schools to provide Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) to their students. VPNs can help protect students’ data and privacy by encrypting their internet traffic and masking their IP addresses.

By installing district-provided VPNs on school devices, schools can ensure that students have access to a secure internet connection while also monitoring and controlling the flow of data. This approach allows schools to strike a balance between privacy and security, providing students with a safer online environment without resorting to banning data blockers altogether.

Whitelist Specific Sites

Instead of banning data blockers completely, schools can consider whitelisting specific websites that are deemed safe and educational. This approach allows students to use data blockers while accessing approved websites, ensuring that they are protected from potentially harmful content while still maintaining their privacy.

By curating a list of trusted websites, schools can ensure that students have access to valuable online resources while minimizing the risks associated with unregulated internet browsing.

It is important for schools to consider these alternatives before implementing an outright ban on data blockers. By allowing their use during non-instructional time, installing district-provided VPNs, or whitelisting specific sites, schools can find a balance between protecting students’ privacy and ensuring a safe online environment for learning.

Best Practices for Data Privacy in Schools

Assess Necessity of Apps

One of the best practices for data privacy in schools is to assess the necessity of apps that collect and process student data. It is important for schools to carefully evaluate the purpose and functionality of each app before allowing it to be used by students and teachers.

This assessment should consider factors such as the app’s data collection practices, security measures, and compliance with privacy laws. Schools can consult resources such as the U.S. Department of Education’s Privacy Technical Assistance Center to ensure they are making informed decisions about the apps they use.

Anonymize Data

Another important practice is to anonymize student data whenever possible. This involves removing personally identifiable information from the data so that it cannot be linked back to individual students.

Anonymized data can still be used for educational research and analysis while protecting the privacy of students. Schools can implement techniques such as data masking, encryption, or aggregation to achieve anonymization.

By doing so, schools can minimize the risk of data breaches and unauthorized access to sensitive student information.

Limit Data Collection

Limiting the amount of data collected is crucial for safeguarding student privacy. Schools should only collect the data necessary for educational purposes and avoid collecting excessive or irrelevant information.

This can be achieved by carefully defining the types of data that are necessary for effective teaching and learning. By implementing data minimization practices, schools can reduce the potential risks associated with data breaches and unauthorized access.

It is also important to regularly review and update data collection practices to ensure they align with privacy regulations.

Increase Transparency

Increasing transparency is a key aspect of data privacy in schools. It is important for schools to communicate with students, parents, and staff about their data collection and usage practices. This includes providing clear and understandable privacy policies, obtaining consent when necessary, and informing stakeholders about the rights they have regarding their personal data.

By fostering a culture of transparency, schools can build trust and ensure that all stakeholders are aware of how their data is being handled.


In summary, federal law does not prohibit students from using technology like VPNs or data blockers to protect their privacy at school. But some states and individual school districts do restrict access to these tools through acceptable use policies or other regulations.

Students should review their district’s rules before utilizing a VPN or data blocker. Schools can also take proactive steps like auditing edtech tools, anonymizing data, and increasing transparency to address privacy concerns without outright banning protective technologies.

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